Assess and Outline Analytical Behaviourism Essay

Assess and Outline Analytical Behaviourism Essay

Length: 550 words (1.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Analytical Behaviourism is an empiricist view that was popular in the 1950s, and 60s. It was regarded as a scientific study of the mind, unlike psychological behaviourism. Popular behaviourists include Tom Nagel, Hempel and Ryle. Behaviourists believe that every time we talk about the mind we are infact talking about either actual, or possible, behaviour. So we are speaking about just physical substances and attributes, and nothing non-physical. Behaviourists reject the existence of mental states `sui generis', (as something in their own right). As behaviourism is all to do with the physical, behaviourism is a form of materialism. It claims to solve the mind and body problem, aswell as the problem of other minds, solipsism. Behaviourists would say that to be brave, means to manifest brave behaviour. Behaviourism is also a reductionist theory of language, as it suggests that language referring to thoughts, feelings and sensations, in other words, mental states, is simply a reference to behavioural states, or possible behavioural states.

It is easy to see the flaws in Behaviourism. The most obvious seems to be concerning acting. A person is performing in front of a camera, and they are trembling and shaking with what appears to be fear, because the character they are playing is afraid of someone, another character, coming to murder him. The behaviourist could not possible say that this person is actually afraid, because the person themselves would admit that they are actually just playing a part well. Another example is of a child who does not want to go to school and just wants to stay at home, and so rolls around clutching their stomach as if in pain. The child is not in pain, but just tricks his mot...

... middle of paper ...

...t links them together is their emotional origin. It is true that if we had no access to emotions we would be unable to categorise behaviour we witness and state that it means the person is feeling a certain way, as we could not relate to any sort of behaviour.

One simple criticism of analytical behaviourism is that, if we try to imagine a being, which exhibits, and will always exhibit no behaviour, this would make behaviourism false. If behaviourism was insisted to be true, then the possibility of something existing with absolutely no behaviour is self-contradictory. Generally behaviour is an unreliable index to what is going on inside our heads. In the year 2003, this seems obvious, with so much emphasis placed on mentality and our `inner self'. There are not many behaviourists left, as the theory is generally looked on as quite a preposterous one.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Outline And Outline Of The Nurse

- ... b. She should be referred to a psychiatrist so that she could be diagnoses with postpartum depression and if she had any other mental illness. She can be put on certain medication to help her with her depression so she could enjoy the new baby. c. She should be referred to a support group for new mothers. She could see what other mothers and going through and it might help her feel better about the situation. They could share problems that they are having and see if other member have any ideas on how to solve the problem....   [tags: Childbirth, Infant, Mothers, 2003 in film]

Good Essays
1277 words (3.6 pages)

The Impact of Attending Seminars to the Development of the Analytical Skill of Financial Management Students

- The study tackles about “The Impact of Attending Seminars to the Development of the Analytical Skill of the Financial Management Students”. The discussion started by introducing what is seminars and its main purpose. Seminars help a lot to spread and inform the people about new informations and ideas. It provides also opportunities to the attendees to meet and know formal persons in different industries. The importance of seminars could also enhance skills of the attendees specifically the analytical skill of a person....   [tags: finance, analytical skill, seminars]

Free Essays
1981 words (5.7 pages)

Behaviorism Is A View Of Learning That Views The Learner As A Passive Receiver Of Information And Behaviorist

- Behaviorism is a view of learning that views the learner as a passive receiver of information and behaviorist believed that all learning was a stimulus response process. There are three iconic figures that coined the behaviorist theory John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, and B.F. Skinner. The classroom setting has been one of the best places to assess students as well teachers as they interact. In this particular learning environment the best way to determine what is transpiring in a classroom is to physically observe....   [tags: Psychology, Classical conditioning, Behaviorism]

Good Essays
1221 words (3.5 pages)

Types Of Outlines Of An Outline Essay

- ... In fact, trying to make a scratch outline is a good way to see if you need to do more writing. If you cannot come up with a solid outline, then you know you need to do more prewriting to clarify your main point or it’s several kinds of support. For this type of outline, you would need to think carefully about the point you are making, the supporting items for that point, and the order in which you will arrange those items. The scratch outline is a plan or blueprint to help you achieve a well-organized composition....   [tags: Writing, Sentence, Brainstorming, Idea]

Good Essays
1704 words (4.9 pages)

The Theories Of Behaviorism And Constructivism Essay

- As the beginning of my education career approaches, I have geared my thinking toward my professional practice. Throughout this course I have attempted to find useful information to apply in my future classroom. Of all of the theories we have covered, I have chosen two that I wish to utilize to the fullest extent possible. Although there are numerous theories that will apply in one way or another, I hope to make use of the theoretical perspectives of behaviorism and constructivism. Behaviorism is the theoretical approach to learning that looks on the outside influences of an individual rather than the inside....   [tags: Behaviorism, Psychology, Classical conditioning]

Good Essays
1588 words (4.5 pages)

Comparing Behaviorism And Theory Of Socialization Essay

- Martha Gomez HDF 378L 9/21/15 Comparing Behaviorism and SLT With Respect to Fostering Socialization Socialization is a process by which one learns the behaviors and skills that are appropriate and useful in socially acceptable ways within a society. It develops when parents teach their children different values, attitudes and behaviors that are appropriate to a specific society. Socialization is important because it includes the different aspects and expected behaviors that help us function as a society....   [tags: Behaviorism, Operant conditioning, Behavior]

Good Essays
1308 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Maslow 's Theory Of Behaviorism

- One of the initial factors that could have contributed to the development of behaviorism was the work of Wundt and other psychologists of this time period. The focus on introspection may have been a catalyst for another way to understand how people interact and function. As researchers began to realize that a lot about human behavior could be understood without time intensive introspection, they began to move toward a more behaviorist mentality (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014). Objective psychology in Russia paralleled many of behaviorisms concepts, but although the work of Sechenov and Pavlov was similar, it was not as demarcated as Watson’s subsequent definition....   [tags: Behaviorism, Operant conditioning]

Good Essays
1051 words (3 pages)

Behaviorism, Gestalt, Psychoanalysis And Functionalism Essay

- Science “… assumes that the universe is, as its name implies, a vast single system in which the basic rules are everywhere the same” (Rutherford & Ahlgren, 1990). This quote implies that for a subject to be considered a science, all of its concepts must be of similar origin. For the case of Psychology, this is not true; however, Psychology is, in fact, a mature paradigmatic science which consists of one paradigm and resulted in a revolutionary change. Psychology consists of many different schools of thought which supports the notion, previously mentioned, that reinforces that it is not a very mature science....   [tags: Psychology, Scientific method, Behaviorism]

Good Essays
1909 words (5.5 pages)

Good Vs. Evil - Analytical Sentence Outline Essay

- Theme: Good and Evil Create a SocietyParagraph 1:CENTRAL IDEA: Conflicts heavily arise between the two topics of good and evil. THESIS SENTENCE: Through common stories good and evil are portrayed through both protagonist and antagonist view, creating morals and opinions, and how societies views have changed over time. Paragraph 2:TOPIC SENTENCE: Common stories portray good and evil through both a protagonist and antagonist view.Paragraph 3: TOPIC SENTENCE: Significant morals and opinions are shown in stories made up of good and evil.Paragraph 4: TOPIC SENTENCE: Societies views have changes over time by the reality brought out in good and evil.Paragraph 5: CONCLUSION: Good and evil represent...   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
575 words (1.6 pages)

Analytical Essay

- The construction last year of a shopping mall in downtown Oak City was a mistake. Since the mall has opened, a number of local businesses have closed, and the downtown area suffers from an acute parking shortage. Arrests for crime and vagrancy have increased in nearby Oak City Park. Elm City should pay attention to the example of the Oak City Mall and deny the application to build a shopping mall in Elm City. Analyzing this argument brings up a lot of questions to whether this is a relevant argument or not....   [tags: Analytical Essays]

Free Essays
664 words (1.9 pages)